University of Washington: Nanocrystals for Luminescent Solar Concentrators


Abstract

Abstract Image

Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) harvest sunlight over large areas and concentrate this energy onto photovoltaics or for other uses by transporting photons through macroscopic waveguides. Although attractive for lowering solar energy costs, LSCs remain severely limited by luminophore reabsorption losses.

Here, we report a quantitative comparison of four types of nanocrystal (NC) phosphors recently proposed to minimize reabsorption in large-scale LSCs: two nanocrystal heterostructures and two doped nanocrystals. Experimental and numerical analyses both show that even the small core absorption of the leading NC heterostructures causes major reabsorption losses at relatively short transport lengths.

Doped NCs outperform the heterostructures substantially in this critical property. A new LSC phosphor is introduced, nanocrystalline Cd1–xCuxSe, that outperforms all other leading NCs by a significant margin in both small- and large-scale LSCs under full-spectrum conditions.

Read Publication Here: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl504510t?src=recsys&

Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society

Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1700, United States
Mathematics Department, Western Washington University, 516 High Street, Bellingham, Washington 98225, United States

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